Traditional Star Names
Star names are not used in the foundational astronomical reference, The Mathematical Composition by the Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, writing in Greek ca. 150 CE a book better known, in the Latin translation made in 1175 of the Arabic translation made ca. 850 CE, as the Almagest. Instead, Ptolemy used the figure naming or asterism naming strategy to identify approximately 1020 stars.
Thus, for stars in "The Hunter" (Orion), Ptolemy lists: the bright red star in the right shoulder, the star in the left shoulder, the star in the right elbow, the star in the handle of the dagger, and so on. This traditional (ancient) catalog convention persisted in Europe as late as 1783, when William Herschel used it to identify stars in his first two double star catalogs.